Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864 - 1991)
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French artist best known for his prints and posters illustrated in the Art Nouveau style of flat, organic forms. His color lithographs of advertisements for dance halls, such as the famed Moulin Rouge, brought him great acclaim and popularity, but de Toulouse-Lautrec was also an accomplished Post-Impressionist painter. Along with Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh, the artist was linked to avant-garde movements of the early 20th century. An admirer of Edgar Degas, de Toulouse-Lautrec painted in a naturalist style before turning toward brighter graphic work. Born Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa November 24, 1864 in Albi, France to an aristocratic family, he defied convention by pursuing art and studying in Paris with Léon Bonnat and Fernand Cormon. Suffering from health problems and congenital disorder that left his legs atrophied, the decadent bohemian lifestyle took its toll on de Toulouse-Lautrec. He died September 9, 1901 in Saint-André-du-Bois, France at the age of 36. Today, the Musée Toulouse-Lautrec in Albi houses over 1,000 of his works.
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